Macroeconomic indicators of national economic and social development of 2009
The rapid development, observed during the recent years in economic and social life of the country, continued in 2009, and the achievements attained in production and service spheres ensured the high speed of growth. The macroeconomic indicators, demonstrating the attained achievements, reflect the leading position of our country in the rate of development.
As a main qualitative indicator of economic and social progress, the Gross Domestic Product production reached 34.6 billion AZM in 2009, driven by 9.3 % or 3.7 billion AZM increase compared to the previous year. During the last five years, Azerbaijan economy increased 2.6 times, or, in other terms, improved 20.8 % on average annually.
The added value increased 10.0 % in the field of output production and 9.1 % in service field. Production per capita reached 3917 AZM (4874 USD), which is 7.9 % more than the previous year.
The GDP production can be divided into following fields of economy: 50.0 % industry, 6.7 % agriculture, hunting and forestry, 7.4 % construction complex, 8.0 % trade and paid services, 6.6 % transportation, 2.0 % communication, 11.7 % other services and social fields, 7.6 % net taxes for products and import.
The GDP production in the oil sector increased 14.3 %, while a 3.2 % increase was observed in non-oil sector.
The production in industrial fields, which played a leading role in the overall production of GDP, increased 8.6 %, compared to the year of 2008, and constituted 22.2 billion AZM. In general, 2.6 times of real growth of industry was observed in the last 5 years. Overall volume of industrial products can be divided into the following fields: mining – 16.8 billion AZM or 75.7 %; processing – 4.2 billion AZM or 18.9 %; electric power generation, natural gas and water supplies production and distribution – 1.2 billion AZM or 5.4 %.
In the mining field, with 75.7 % of the industrial production, the oil production reached a historical record level of 50.4 million tons. The population demand of all types of energy was met by domestic resources and 16.3 billion m3 of natural gas was extracted.
In the processing field, the production constituted 18.9 % of overall industrial output. In this field, the food processing increased 3.0; leather, leather-made products, and footwear products increased 5.4 %; cellulose and paper products and printing products observed 2.1 times increase.
In the field of electric power generation, natural gas and water supplies production and their distribution, which constituted 5.4 % of industrial output, the electric power generation fell, and 17.8 billion kilowatt-hours or 12.8 % less electric energy has been generated in 2009.
79.9 % of industrial output were produced in non-state sector, and increased 13.8 % since 2008.
Despite the reduction of sowing areas of some crops, the production of agricultural harvest increased 3.5 %, including the 4.0 % increase of planting crops and 2.8 % increase of livestock products. In 2009, in the agricultural field, grain-crops, beans, and corns – 2988.3 thousand ton, including 2141.4 thousand tons of wheat, 151.2 thousand tons of corns, 983.0 thousand tons of potatoes, 1177.9 thousand tons of vegetables, 721.4 thousand tons fruits and berries, 410.8 thousand tons of melons and gourds, 30.9 thousand tons of cotton, 129.2 thousand tons of grapes, 2.6 thousand tons of tobacco, 182.3 thousand tons of sugar beets, 446.8 thousand tons of green tea leaves, 14.6 thousand tons of sunflower seeds have been sown. Compared to 2008, 490.0 thousand tons or 19.6 % more of grain-crops and beans, 463.6 thousand tons or 27.6 % more fo wheat, 8.6 thousand tons or 1.2 % more of fruits and berries, 13.3 thousand tons or 11.5 % more of grapes, 3.0 thousand tons or 0.7 % more of melons and gourds, 124.0 tons or 5.0 % more of tobacco, 123.7 tons or 38.3 % more of greean tea leaves were produced. At the same time, because of the reduction of sowing areas, 94.1 thousand tons or 8.7 % less potatoes, 50.4 thousand tons or 4.1 % less of vegetables, 24.5 thousand tons or 44.2 % less of cotton, 11.0 thousand tons or 5.7 % less of sugar beets were produced.
In the field of cattle-breeding, the numbers of livestock heads and production of livestock products have increased stably. As of first of January, number of heads of horned livestock reached 2600.4 thousand, the number of sheep and goats reached 8387.0 thousand. The specific weight of productive cows and buffalos constituted 48.4 % of the number of big horn livestock.
In 2009, 305.1 thousand tons of meat products in live weight, 1433.1 thousand tons of milk, 1209.4 millions of eggs, 15.3 thousand tons of wool were produced. The meat production increased 0.8 %, the milk production increased 3.7 %, the egg production increased 9.8 %, and wool production increased 3.3 %.
Almost all of the agricultural products were produced in non-state sector.
In the field of construction, 7.4 billion AZM investments were used out of overall financial sources, and 5.1 billion AZM construction-installation works were carried out. 5.5 billion AZM or 74.1 % of investments were allocated to the construction of industrial production facilities, 79.9 % or 5.9 billion AZM of these were taken from the domestic investments. 60.3 % of investments directed to the fixed capital were state enterprises and companies, while 39.7 % were directed from non-state companies.
During the year, apartment buildings with overall area of 1363.3 thousand m2, secondary schools with total capacity of 20622 students, a hospital with 605 beds, an out-patient polyclinic facility with total capacity of 1235 patients, kindergartens with capacity of hosting 90 children, a 140-seat club, Scientific-Research Eye Diseases Institute, a Tennis Academy, “Azadlyg Prospect” Metro Station, an international bus station complex, “Serhedchi” Sport Olympics Center in Baku, Olympics Sports Complexes in Hovsan and Shagan, Sharur Olympics Sports Complex, a bus station complex, “Gemiqaya” mineral waters plant, a flour-confectionary products workshop, a fruit-vegetable refrigerating plant, a greenhouse complex, an asphalt-concrete plant in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, a treatment-diagnostic center and a bus station in Barda, Olympic Sport Complexes in Shamkir and Ismayilli, gold-copper processing plant in Gadabay, Children’s Medical Center and a brick-yard in Hajiqabul, “Shahdag” Power station and treatment-diagnostic center in Shamakhi, and etc. were constructed.
For the construction of facilities, the building process of which started in previous years and continued in 2009, as well as those initiated in 2009, 24980 million AZM were used through the funds allocated from state budget.
Physical bodies, working in the field of transportation facilities and automobile transport, transported 189.8 million tons of cargo and 1.3 billion passengers. Compared to 2008, the cargo transportation increased 3.7 %, while 6.9 % increase was observed in passenger transportation. 10.7 % cargo was transported by railway, while 49.7 % by automobiles, 32.4 % by pipelines. 83.9 % of passenger transportation was carried out by automobiles, while 15.5 % of them were transported by metro. The 73.7 % of cargo and 83.9 % of passengers were transported via non-state transportation means.
Some 39.6 million tons of cargo and 188.4 million passengers have been transported via International Eurasia Corridor in January-November of 2009. Transportation companies have made incomes worth of 218.6 million AZM from the transportation of cargo and passengers.
Communications enterprises have offered services in the amount of 1010.5 million AZM to the population, various departments and organizations. The volume of communications services offered in 2009, increased 13.1 % compared to the previous year, and the main portion of these services (77.5 %) constitutes the non-state sector. Mobile communication constitutes 710.2 million AZM or 70.3 % of the communication services.
15.9 billion AZM worth of consumer goods have been sold to the population and paid services have been extended in 2009. In the trade sector, turnover of commodity sales has increased by 8.9 % and reached 11.8 billion AZM, while the volume of paid services increase by 12.5 % and reached 4.1 billion AZM. Consumer products sold to the population are as follows: 64.5 % – food products, 35.5 % – non-food products, while trading volume has increased by 10.6 % and 4.9 % accordingly.
99.2 % of commodity circulation and 72.2 % of paid services were carried out by private sector.
Every citizen of the country in 2009 purchased various consumer goods worth of 111.1 AZM on average from trade network, which is 7.8 AZM more than the previous year.
Compared to the previous year, population incomes increased 8.0 % and reaches 22.4 billion AZM, and per capita incomes increased 6.7 % and reached 2537.2 AZM. Shares out of these incomes have been spent for the following purposes: 66.2 % – final stage consumption, 10.6 % – taxes, social security and voluntary membership fees, 21.6 % – increase of the deposits and fixed capital.
The average monthly salaries paid to wage earners in economic and social fields of the country increased 8.6 % compared to 2008, and reached 298.0 AZM. In the months of January-November, the average monthly salaries of people were distributed among fields in the following way: industrial field - 439.1 AZM, construction field – 449.8 AZM, transportation field – 361.7 AZM, communication field – 432.5 AZM.
The gradual improvement of material welfare of the population, the continuation of addressed state social aid, and the full implementation of all the social responsibilities of the government had an impact in reduction of poverty, and as of the tentative statistics the level of poverty reduced by 2.2 % and reached the level of 11.0 % in 2009.
In 2009, 73.8 thousand new work places have opened in the country, 54.7 thousand of which were permanent. In general, since the 1st October, 2003 till the end of 2009, 840.1 thousand work places have opened, 602.3 thousand of which were permanent.
During January-November, the foreign trade turnover of the country has totaled USD 18.6 billion. 70.7 % or 13.2 billion USD of commodity circulation has been carried out through exported goods, 29.3 % (5.4 billion USD) through imported goods, which created 7.7 billion USD positive balance. 85.8 % of commodity exchange was carried out with distant foreign countries, while 14.2 % was carried out with CIS countries.
70.0 % (3.8 billion USD) of imported goods came from distant foreign countries, while 30.0 % (1.6 billion USD) were imported from CIS countries.
92.3 % or 12.2 billion USD of exported goods were sent to distant foreign countries, while 7.7 % or 1.0 billion USD were exported to CIS countries.
Consumer products prices and services tariffs in December increased 0.8 % compared to the previous month, including 1.4 % increase in food products, 0.2 % increase in non-food products, while tariffs for services remained on the same level. Consumer products prices and tariffs for services have increased by 1.5 %, including 3.4 % increase in non-food products, 7.1 % increase in tariffs for services, while 1.5 % decrease was observed in food products.
According to the figures provided by the Ministry of Finance, in January-November of 2009, 8.9 billion AZM have entered into the State Budget, while 7.9 billion AZM were spent from this budget. 40.1 % or 3.2 billion AZM of the budget expenditure were allocated for the development of economy, while 12.4 % (978.4 billion AZM) for education, 12.7 % (1005.4 billion AZM) were spent for social protection and social insurance costs.
The difference between the budget incomes and expenditures in the amount of 1026.9 billion AZM constituted 3.5 % of GDP.
The deposits of population in banks increased 24.5 % and reached 2.2 billion AZM compared to the first 11 months of 2008. Investments in national currency made 913.7 billion AZM or 40.6 %, while in foreign currency 1338.0 billion AZM. 1.7 billion AZM of deposits were secured in private banks.
In January – November, the amount of credits granted to physical and legal bodies by financial and credit institutions increased 17.6 % and amounted 8.1 billion AZM, including those granted in previous years. Some 71.5 % of the loans were long-term, with 3.4 % of the loans seeing overdue payments.
|Factual figures of 2009, million AZM||2009 compared to 2008, by %|
|Gross Domestic Product||34578.7||109.3|
|Total volume of industrial products (works and services)||22184.4||108.6|
|Fixed Capital directed Investments||7358.7||81.3|
|Total volumes of agricultural, forestry and fishing farm products||3435.6||103.5|
|Goods transportation in transportation sector, million tons||189.8||103.7|
|Volumes of post and telecommunication services||1010.5||113.1|
|Retail sales turnover||11828.5||108.9|
|Paid services extended to population||4088.2||112.5|
|Foreign trade turnover, million USD||18614.2x)||x|
|Total export volume||13165.5x)||x|
|Total import volume||5448.7x)||83.8xx)|
|State Budget Revenues||8919.1x)||95.0xx)|
|State Budget Expenditures||7892.2x)||95.3xx)|
|State Budget Proficit||1026.9x)||-|
|Revenues of population||22396.1||108.0|
|Revenues per capita, AZM||2537.2||106.7|
|Average monthly salary per one employee, AZM||298.0||108.6|
|Consumer prices index||x||101.5|
x) January-November 2009
xx) 2009 January-November compared to 2008 January-November
PRODUCTION OF THE MOST IMPORTANT INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
|Types of Production||Produced January-December of 2009||In comparison with the same period of previous year, %|
|Crude oil, thousand ton||50 376.3||113.5|
|Natural gas, million cubic meter||23 584.0||100.8|
|Electric power, million kWt /hour||17 762.6||87.2|
|Automobile gas, thousand ton||1 237.7||93.8|
|Cement, thousand ton||1 280.9||80.3|
|Meat (including poultry), thousand ton||159.5||102.8|
|Sugar, and granulated sugar, thousand ton||314.9||116.5|
|Macaroni, ton||5 696.9||131.6|
|Soft beverages, thousand dkl||16 667.3||81.2|
|Lacquer and painting goods||2 728.8||116.3|
|Construction plaster, tons||45 617.1||118.9|
|TV sets, number||9 227||116.7|
|Cashier machines, number||284||11.4 d.|
THE MAIN INDICATORS OF CONSTRUCTION IN 2009
(from all financial resources)
|Realized in 2009||In comparison with the previous year, by %|
|Put in operation:|
|Main funds, million mantas||2478.1||x|
|Spent for Production facilities||1511.0||x|
|Apartment buildings, overall area, thousand square meters||1363.3||87.6|
|Secondary schools, total capacity, seat||20622||31.1|
|Hospitals, bed||605||2.4 d.|
|Out-patient polyclinic facilities, patients||1235||155.7|
|Investment made to the fixed capital, million AZN||7358.7||81.3|
|Spent for Production facilities||5455.1||83.9|
|The volume of investments allocated to the construction and installation works – total||5142.7||91.8|
GROSS AGRICULTURAL, FORESTRY AND FISHING FARMS PRODUCTS
(face value prices of relevant years)
|Total production per agricultural, forestry and fishing farms, million manats||3435.6||3310.0|
PRODUCTION OF PLANTS AND LIVESTOCK, THOUSAND TONS
|2009||Compared to 2008
|Overall number of grain-crops and beans||2988.3||119.6|
|Out of them:|
|Wheat for spring and fall||2141.4||127.6|
|Melons and gourds||410.8||100.7|
|Fruits and berries||721.4||101.2|
|Green tea leaves (ton)||446.8||138.3|
|Meat (live weight)||305.1||100.8|
for the end of the year, thousand head
|2009||Year of 2009 compared to 2008, by percent|
|Cows and buffalos||1258.5||101.3|
|Sheep and goats||8387.0||101.3|
CARGO TRANSPORTATION IN TRANSPORTATION SECTOR,
|2009||In comparison with 2008, by %|
|Ground motor vehicles||94236.5||107.1|
PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION IN MOTOR VEHICLES SECTOR,
|2009||In comparison with 2008, by %|
|Ground motor vehicles||1114592.8||107.8|
RETAIL SALES TURNOVER AND PAID SERVICES EXTENDED TO POPULATION
|2009||In comparison with 2008, by %|
|Total volumes of retail sales turnover and paid services extended to population||15916,7||109,9|
retail sales turnover, including services
|Volumes of paid services||4 088,2||112,5|
TRADE RELATIONS BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN AND FOREIGN STATES FOR JANUARY-NOVEMBER OF 2009,
|Name of the Country||Import||Export||Foreign Trade Balance|
|All the countries, total||5448675,4||13165547,9||7716872,5|
|United Arab Emirates||29071,3||17627,1||-11444,2|
|United Tanzania Republic||213,8||-213,8|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||246,4||-246,4|
|The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Island||247749,6||195589,2||-52160,4|
|State of Brunei Darussalam||4,8||-4,8|
|South Africa Republic||22247,5||54,6||-22192,9|
|China specially administrated region of Hong Kong||304,0||7246,2||6942,2|
|Iran Islam Republic||69376,0||84936,6||15560,6|
|Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia||639,9||-639,9|
|Union of Comoros Islands||5,0||-5,0|
|Libyan Arab Jamahiriya||66,5||128617,9||128551,4|
|Central African Republic||312,7||-312,7|
|Papua- New Guinea||1,1||-1,1|
|Saint-Kits and Nevis||1719,5||-1719,5|
|Syrian Arab Republic||1129,7||13,0||-1116,7|
|Taiwan (Province of China)||6923,0||680392,5||673469,5|
|Trinidad və Tobago||24,0||5,9||-18,1|
|Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)||185,6||53,0||-132,6|
MAIN TYPES OF GOODS EXPORTED DURING JANUARY-NOVEMBER OF 2009
|Names of Products||January – November of 2009||In comparison with January-November of 2008, by %|
|volume||amount (thousand USD)||Volume||amount|
|Fresh vegetables, ton||61740,0||26571,7||78,8||83,0|
|Fresh fruits, ton||185111,3||120428,7||83,2||93,1|
|Vegetable fat and oil, ton||37652,8||90888,6||69,3||96,4|
|Out of these:|
|Vegetable fat and oil, ton||19309,5||44451,0||83,4||104,2|
|Sugar, thousand ton||154,7||88083,3||102,6||115,8|
|Fruit and vegetable conservatives, ton||3856,6||3554,3||101,5||100,2|
|Fruit and vegetable juices, ton||20672,5||14841,2||61,1||79,6|
|Crude oil, thousand ton||44,3||x||120,1||x|
|Motor petrol, thousand ton||242,8||123318,2||72,8||43,6|
|Kerosene, thousand ton||1030,5||589460,3||527,7||305,2|
|Diesel, thousand ton||1394,0||604460,3||93,8||50,9|
|Black oil, thousand ton||183,4||36361,3||37,7||13,9|
|Natural gas, million cubic meters||621,0||115607,2||217,2||202,5|
|Power, million kwt/hour||683,5||26919,2||89,3||104,3|
|Cotton fibre, ton||16526,9||16453,0||124,1||117,1|
|Cotton yarn, ton||7495,8||10419,4||109,2||106,6|
|Metallic angle bars and channels, ton||26439,3||12427,8||40,8||35,1|
|Not processed aluminium, ton||12792,5||11549,6||22,8||10,1|
MAIN TYPES OF GOODS IMPORTED DURING JANUARY-NOVEMBER OF 2009
|Names of Products||January-November of 2009||In comparison with January-November of 2008, by %|
|volume||Amount (thousand USD)||volume||amount|
|Butter and other types of butter and pasta, ton||9938,6||19024,5||149,0||215,5|
|Out of this:|
|Fresh vegetables, ton||32560,2||6229,6||233,9||186,1|
|Fresh fruits, ton||37795,9||18111,1||165,2||203.2|
|Wheat, thousand ton||842,0||176715,5||71,1||51,2|
|Vegetable fat and oil, ton||74836,2||60989,7||97,8||113,6|
|Out of this:|
|Vegetable oil, ton||74744,5||60782,0||98,5||114,7|
|Crude sugar, thousand ton||279,8||92514,5||121,1||119,9|
|Chocolate products, ton||16188,2||23380,6||97,3||96,9|
|Fruit and vegetable conservatives, ton||12040,3||7434,9||95,8||88,9|
|Fruit and vegetable juices, ton||13548,6||9180,9||89,4||89,5|
|Vodka, min decaliter with 100% alcohol||31,7||3304,8||45,6||54,0|
|Cigarettes, million piece||10185,2||195159,9||102,5||111,4|
|Cement clinker and cement, thousand ton||1615,2||63386,0||88,5||87,9|
|Cement clinkers, thousand ton||577,2||22525,6||75,5||95,5|
|Cement, thousand ton||1038,0||40860,4||97,9||84,2|
|Mineral fertilizer, ton||55160,8||18309,8||43,8||29,3|
|Surface activated substances, detergent, ton||26906,1||38638,9||101,3||107,8|
|Rubber tyres, thousand pieces||683,0||18537,4||110,6||96,8|
|Split wooden materials, thousand cubic meter||647,9||38650,9||95,0||110,9|
|Metallic bars and fittings, thousand ton||228,3||65741,6||110,8||103,6|
|Metallic tubes, ton||134,7||227337,2||67,5||85,6|
|Water pumps, piece||25679,0||18532,4||44,5||41,8|
|Passenger cars, piece||58222,0||414084,0||71,7||69,4|
|On the basis of application of customs declaration, piece||25476,0||231692,3||60,7||64,7|
|On the basis of application of customs receipt order||32746,0||182391,7||83,4||76,4|
|Special automobile vehicles, piece||409,0||55611,4||43,0||31,1|
INDEX OF PRICES AND TARIFFS
|December of 2009 compared to November of 2009||January-November of 2009 compared to the same period of 2008|
|Index of consumer goods||100,8||101.5|
|Index of prices of consumer goods makers||100,3||80,8|
|Index of prices of agricultural goods makers||101,0||100.3|